Gastritis is an inflammation of the stomach that is often confused with Gastroenteritis. Gastroenteritis and Gastritis have similar symptoms and may cause individuals to be concerned about contracting the symptoms. To clear matters, Gastritis is not infectious and is a stomach inflammation disorder, but Gastroenteritis is a virus and is infectious. Understanding the causes, symptoms and treatments will help understand the difference between Gastritis and Gastroenteritis.
What Is Gastritis?
It is an inflammation of the stomach lining and is the result of stress, medication, smoking and alcohol consumption. The symptoms of inflammation can include bloating, indigestion, and nausea and stomach pain. It can be developed acutely or chronically.
The Gastritis forms on the protective layer of the stomach and weakens the stomach lining. The mucus that is damaged is a protective barrier against acid from injuring the stomach. When this mucus is damaged the digestive acids are able to irritate the lining of the stomach which can cause pain and inflammation.
Acute gastritis happens very quickly and produces pain or burning sensation within the upper abdominal and can result in nausea. Individuals who abuse alcohol are the most common sufferers of acute gastritis.
Chronic gastritis can develop slowly, and the symptoms are a dull pain within the stomach and a lack of appetite.
Both of these symptoms can cause bloating, belching and fullness within an empty stomach. There is also the possibility of bleeding of the stomach and blood in the stools. Bleeding occurs rarely, but if they do occur, they should be treated by a doctor. If there is blood in the stool, there is the possibility of a more serious condition such as stomach cancer.
The treatment of gastritis requires the neutralization of the stomach acid. Over-the-counter antacids, acid blockers and dietary changes can help reduce the symptoms of gastritis. For long term treatment, a diet of turkey, chicken and rice are able to sooth the symptoms. Avoiding foods that are spicy, tea, coffee and fried food can help in preventing additional stomach irritation.
What Is Gastroenteritis?
It refers to a viral infection that can cause several symptoms such as nausea, stomach pain and diarrhea. Gastroenteritis is the result of inflammation within the stomach due to a bacterial infection and is often known as the stomach flu. Even though there are some unpleasant symptoms, it is possible for the virus to heal within a few days. Gastroenteritis can be caused by bacteria, parasites or a virus. There are several types of bacteria that can cause the stomach flu including E. coli and salmonella. The bacteria can be contracted by drinking contaminated water or eating improperly prepared food.
Gastroenteritis often appears suddenly with pain or cramps in the stomach. There also may be diarrhea in addition to headaches, fatigue and vomiting. To cure the virus, staying hydrated and getting plenty of rest is essential.
Is Gastroenteritis Contagious?
Gastroenteritis can be transmitted by sharing food, utensils or drinks. Gastroenteritis can be spread in an office setting, day care facilities and through direct contact. To prevent the spread of Gastroenteritis, it is necessary to prepare food properly and maintain proper hygiene. One important method is to wash your hands consistently and to carefully prepare the food.
Understanding the differences between Gastritis and Gastroenteritis can help identify the symptoms correctly in order to alleviate the problems. Even though the two have similar symptoms, one is infectious and the other it is not. Gastroenteritis will often appear suddenly and result in diarrhea headache and weakness. Gastritis can be identified with constant dull stomach pains that can be resolved with anti-acids. A doctor can also determine if the symptoms are contagious.
About The Author:
Emily is a health blogger as well as a fitness fanatic. She also writes about health supplements including natural supplements found in fruits and vegetables in addition to glutamine powder and other methods of supplementation.